Duration:

1 Day

 

Itinerary:

6:00 - 21:00 hrs

 

Participants:

2 - 7 Persons

 

Activities Included:

1. Entrance and Guided Visit to the Museum of Biodiversity in Calakmul

2. Guided Tour in the Archaeological Site of Calakmul
3. Walk through the Rainforest of Calakmul
4. Travel to Volcano Bats

Breakfast Included

 

 

 

1. Entrance and Guided Visit to the Museum of Biodiversity in Calakmul

 

 

The museum has four principal areas and a central patio where you can learn about the geological history, the great biological diversity that lives and lived within the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, paleontological findings, the history of the archaeological site and the interpretation of sculptures and friezes found in this beautiful place.


Inside the museum we can find from some vestiges of wildlife species that were found and lived in the region since the era of the Cenozoic more than 66 million years ago, as well as an exhibition of the most important species that currently inhabit it.


Also inside the museum we can find scale replicas of structures and pyramidal bases found in the archeological zone of Calakmul rescuing the importance of the positive relationship between man and nature


When making a visit to the Museum of Biodiversity we can learn about the formation of the grat Maya Culture and the extraordinary nature of the region.

 

 

This activity will know through a Guided Tour to The Museum of Biodiversity, where we will have the opportunity to meet each of the museum areas and can understand more thoroughly Calakmul and its history within time.

 

                  

        

 

 

 

 

 

 

2. Guided Tour in Calakmul Archaeological Site

 

 

Calakmul is a pre-hispanic Mayan archaeological site, located in the heart of the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve a few kilometers from the border with Guatemala. The site covers about 70 square kilometers and has more than 6,000 structures, Calakmul became the capital of a regional state of approximately 13 000 square kilometers, having been, along with Tikal, El Mirador and Palenque, one of the major regional powers during the Classic Period in Maya Culture.

Calakmul was initially discovered in 1931 by the biologist Cyrus Longworth Lundell, was later explored in 1932 by the famous Mayanists Sylvanus Morley. However, it was not until half a century later, from 1982, when large-scale excavations were carried out by William Folan from The Historical Center Social Research, The Autonomous University of Campeche and The National Institute of Anthropology and History of Mexico.

The study initiated by the Folan Team, as they concluded that Calakmul was one of the most important of the Mayan civilization, it was of great proportions, and they determinated that depending on the time, has more allies and power than Tikal itself.

In addition, from the 90s, it is concluded that Calakmul belonged to a much larger organization as part of the so-called Kingdom of the Serpent also known as The Kingdom of Kaan or Kan specifically, being Calakmul its capital center, beeing some of the largest and most important pyramidal structures that exist in the region.

In the breakthrough in the study of Maya writing, achieved during these years, results that researchers have discovered Calakmul and Tikal staged wars for more than a century; clashes that marked the political, economic and social future of the Mayan cities of the region.

Calakmul is now the subject of a large-scale project of the National Institute of Anthropology and History, which began in 1993. For the importance of the site, on July 4, 2002, UNESCO granted the appointment of Cultural Heritage, extending the distinction Mixed Heritage Site and in June 21, 2014 The UNESCO recognized the natural values ​​within the Biosphere Reserve.


 

 

This activity consists of a guided tour within The Archeological Zone of Calakmul which besides knowing the various monuments in this beautiful place surrounded by the lush jungle of Calakmul we can visit an ancient ball game and the three main pyramidal bases that exists in the archaeological site, including the structure II which is 40 meters long by 40 meters wide by 55 meters high being the second tallest structure of the Mayan Culture in Mexico just after the pyramid of Tonina in Chiapas


Also you can visit and access the top of the pyramidal bases from where you can see the beautiful scenery of the ancient structures combined with the beautyfull landscapes of the Natural Biosphere Reserve

 

                                        

 

 

 

 

3. Calakmul Rainforest Walk Through

 

 

The Calakmul Biosphere Reserve was declared a Natural Protected Area by UNESCO in 1989, is a region of rainforest that has a high biological diversity. It have been recorded 358 species of birds, 75 species of reptiles, 18 species of amphibians, 31 of fish, and about 380 species of butterflies and 86 species of mammals, among which of course the Jaguar, which has in this reserve one of the largest populations of Central America.

As for the flora, they have been accounted for some 1,500 species of plants, wich 10% are endemic to the region, also you can find many species of trees including hardwoods such as mahogany and sapodilla, which have been the cause of deforestation in the region .


The geography of the region and limestone deposits create small flood gouaches, called akalche where other types of plants such as water hyacinth, nopales, or chucum arise.


They are semi-deciduous forests where a significant percentage of vegetation loses leaf during dry season, but most preserves.

 

 

We will conduct a walk in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, where you can admire the lush vegetation, a incredible ladscapes, a lot of birds, and we'll find some species in the reserve as the Monkey Spider Monkey Howler, the White-tailed Deer, The Coati The Ocellated Turkey, Small Eagles etc.


Also during the ride on the vehicle it can be observed some species such as The Grey Fox, and if we're lucky some felines like The Ocelot or the Jaguarundi.

 

                            

 

 

 

4. Tour to Bats Volcano in Balam Kú Reserve.

 

 

The Bats Volcano is a daytime shelter that has a vast amount of bats of eight different species of which six are essentially insectivorous and eats fruit. This is an appropriate place for rest, reproduction and protection against natural predators. This cave is considered among the ten most important caves in the world wich conservation is a priority in Mexico.

The population of the Bats Volcano is estimated at between 800,000 and 2,300,000 individuals and these caves are rare in tropical areas such as the Yucatan Peninsula; likewise, this type of caves that serves as shelter for more than two species of bats at a time are rare, this cave accommodates 8 different species of bats making it a unique natural wonder in its kind.


Every day, at sunset, you can hear the intense buzz of millions of bats forming an spiral out of the mouth of the cave, forming an impressive cloud of bats that come out of it at the same time.

According to the BBC that has carried out films of this cavern, this "explosion" of bats only occurs in Calakmul Campeche and the Gunung National Park in Malaysia.


The main cave is about 600 meters deep and continuous underground into the cave about 400 meters from the entrance where is located a rock from and water flows of it.


One of a kind with this beautiful show we close our excursion into one of the most beautiful and important places for conservation in the region.

 

 

We will carry out a small hike in the jungle of Calakmul to the entrance of The Bats Volcano and wait for the sunset to observe as they come out of the cave, also if we are lucky we will see some of their predators like hawks and snakes waiting outside of the cave to hunt them.

 

                                         

 

 

 

 

2 Persons:

$2800 MXN

3 Persons:

$2400 MXN

4 - 7 Persons:

$2200 MXN

 

Minors From 6 to 12 Years:

$2200 MXN

 

 

Costs are per person and includes the following:

Transport Hotel - Calakmul - Museum of Biodiversity - Archaeological Site - Bat Cave - Hotel

Complete BreakFast:

(Scrambled, Omelette, Mexican or Ranchero Eggs, Regional Fruit Beberage or Coffe)

Entrance to Calakmul  Archaeological Site

Beberages and Snack in Calakmul Archaelogical Site

Entrance to the Museum of Biodiversity

Walk Calakmul Rainforest

Bats Volcano Tour
 

 

 

Departing Points:

Bacalar Hotels

Bacalar ADO Bus Station

Chetumal Hotels

Chetumal Airport

 

 

 

Costs and promotions apply only to make your reservation by Internet, if you make your reservation by any other means, the costs may vary.