Duration:

1 Day

 

Itinerary:

7:00 - 21:00 hrs

 

Participants:

2 - 7 Persons

 

 

Activities Included:

1. Guided Tour in The Archaeological Site of Kohunlich

2. Entrance and Guided Tour to the Jaguar Temple Archeological Site

3. Entrance and Guided Visit to the Museum of Biodiversity
4. Walk through the Maya  Rainforest

5. Travel to Volcano Bats

Breakfast Included

 

 

 

1. Guided Tour in the Archaeological Site of Kohunlich

 

 

This site was first visited by the American archaeologist Raymond Merwin, when the place was known by the name of Clarksville, referring to the logging camp three kilometers north of the monumental area of ​​Kohunlich.


According to experts, Kohunlich must have been founded around the year 259 of our era during the so-called Classic period Maya before being abandoned and forgotten until not long ago, when slowly began to expose some vestiges of what were their imposing pyramidal structures and the remains of some sacred buildings where surely inhabited the high officials of religion, politics and public administrators. Undoubtedly, the most notable of these buildings is a unique pyramid decorated with multiple masks that still retain traces of their original red pigment, which show the face of a Mayan god among ancient Indians represented the powers of the sun.

These huge masks that can measure up to 2 meters high, look complex touched on those achieved to distinguish the traditional symbols with which the ancient Maya represented the celestial band; also wearing earmuffs and bezotes, among other jewels that adorned Maya artists always face the mighty sun god.


Surely, to decorate their buildings with these huge masks, the ancient Maya made of these buildings, the palatial home of their supreme gods, thus reinforcing the link between men and the creative forces of the universe.

 

 

This activity consists of a guided tour in The Archaeological Site of Kohunlich, where we will visit the imposing structures, figureheads and one of the best preserved ball game estructure that is among the pyramidal bases of this archaeological site.

 

                  

 

 

 

2. Guided an Entrance in The Jaguar Temple Archaeological Site

 

 

This Archeological Site got its name because of the felines motifs decorating the frieze found inside the main pyramidal structure. His occupation takes place in the Late Preclassic Time, while its peak lies in the Classic period; in the early Post Classic Time gets its decline.


Jaguar Temple Archeological Site has archelogical Peten Culture roots, and is located in a jungle area where you can enjoy nature while going walking through the site.


The archaeological site was found in 1990 and it has an area of ​​one square kilometer and is composed of three architectural groups -South, Central and North- although only two of them have been explored. The main structure of the southern group, organized around four squares, it is a pyramidal estructure of ten meters high.

The core group consists of two squares, wich only the north square has been excavated. This is where is located the frieze crowning a palace called House of the Four Kings, referring to the four characters that appear on it.
 

The frieze is the most important monument made of modeling polychrome stucco, with an height of 1.75 meters and a length of 16.8 meters. It was made between 550 and 650 AC. The scene represents an allegory of the order of the universe with figures of serpents and jaguars. Great iconographic wealth, reading to detail it reveals the complex conceptual world of the ancient Maya.

The dynastic cycle is matched to the solar cycle, in this conception, the ascension to the throne is illustrated by the king out of the jaws of the earth monster, like the sun out of the mouth of the Earth. The king's death is seen as a sunset, when it falls into the mouth of the earth monster.

 

 

This activity consists of a guided tour inside the Jaguar Temple Archaeological Site in which besides visiting the various monuments in this beautiful place surrounded by the lush jungle we are gonna visit the Temple of the Jaguar, this temple is the principal pyramidal base of this place as it is one of the few monuments that you can enter and know these monuments from the inside.


Within this pyramidal base you can see the most important architectural piece of Maya Archeology, consisting of a frieze crowning a palace, called the House of the four kings, referring to the four characters, apparently sovereigns, appearing on the frieze and representing an allegory of the order of the universe, with figures of a saurian, snakes and jaguars, stylized and interleaved between them.

                                        

 

 

 

 

3. Entrance and Guided Visit to Biodiversity Museum

 

 

The museum has four principal areas and a central patio where you can learn about the geological history, the great biological diversity that lives and lived within the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, paleontological findings, the history of the archaeological site and the interpretation of sculptures and friezes found in this beautiful place.


Inside the museum we can find from some vestiges of wildlife species that were found and lived in the region since the era of the Cenozoic more than 66 million years ago, as well as an exhibition of the most important species that currently inhabit it.


Also inside the museum we can find scale replicas of structures and pyramidal bases found in the archeological zone of Calakmul rescuing the importance of the positive relationship between man and nature


When making a visit to the Museum of Biodiversity we can learn about the formation of the grat Maya Culture and the extraordinary nature of the region.

 

 

This activity will know through a Guided Tour to The Museum of Biodiversity, where we will have the opportunity to meet each of the museum areas and can understand more thoroughly Calakmul and its history within time.

 

                  

        

 

 

 

 

 

4. Walk Through Maya Rainforest

 

 

The Calakmul Biosphere Reserve was declared a Natural Protected Area by UNESCO in 1989, is a region of rainforest that has a high biological diversity. It have been recorded 358 species of birds, 75 species of reptiles, 18 species of amphibians, 31 of fish, and about 380 species of butterflies and 86 species of mammals, among which of course the Jaguar, which has in this reserve one of the largest populations of Central America.

As for the flora, they have been accounted for some 1,500 species of plants, wich 10% are endemic to the region, also you can find many species of trees including hardwoods such as mahogany and sapodilla, which have been the cause of deforestation in the region .


The geography of the region and limestone deposits create small flood gouaches, called akalche where other types of plants such as water hyacinth, nopales, or chucum arise.


They are semi-deciduous forests where a significant percentage of vegetation loses leaf during dry season, but most preserves.

 

 

We will conduct a walk in the Calakmul Biosphere Reserve, where you can admire the lush vegetation, a incredible ladscapes, a lot of birds, and we'll find some species in the reserve as the Monkey Spider Monkey Howler, the White-tailed Deer, The Coati The Ocellated Turkey, Small Eagles etc.


Also during the ride on the vehicle it can be observed some species such as The Grey Fox, and if we're lucky some felines like The Ocelot or the Jaguarundi.

 

                            

 

 

 

5. Tour to Bats Volcano

 

 

The Bats Volcano is a daytime shelter that has a vast amount of bats of eight different species of which six are essentially insectivorous and eats fruit. This is an appropriate place for rest, reproduction and protection against natural predators. This cave is considered among the ten most important caves in the world wich conservation is a priority in Mexico.

The population of the Bats Volcano is estimated at between 800,000 and 2,300,000 individuals and these caves are rare in tropical areas such as the Yucatan Peninsula; likewise, this type of caves that serves as shelter for more than two species of bats at a time are rare, this cave accommodates 8 different species of bats making it a unique natural wonder in its kind.


Every day, at sunset, you can hear the intense buzz of millions of bats forming an spiral out of the mouth of the cave, forming an impressive cloud of bats that come out of it at the same time.

According to the BBC that has carried out films of this cavern, this "explosion" of bats only occurs in this place in Mexico and the Gunung National Park in Malaysia.


The main cave is about 600 meters deep and continuous underground into the cave about 400 meters from the entrance where is located a rock from and water flows of it.


One of a kind with this beautiful show we close our excursion into one of the most beautiful and important places for conservation in the region.

 

 

We will carry out a small hike in the jungle of Calakmul to the entrance of The Bats Volcano and wait for the sunset to observe as they come out of the cave, also if we are lucky we will see some of their predators like hawks and snakes waiting outside of the cave to hunt them.

 

                                         

 

 

 

 

2 Persons:

$2000 MXN

3 Persons:

$1800 MXN

4 - 7 Persons:

$1600 MXN

 

Minors From 6 to 12 Years:

$1600 MXN

 

 

Costs are per person and includes the following:

 

Transportation; Hotel - Kohunlich - Jaguar Temple - Museum of Biodiversity - Maya Jungle - Bat Cave - Hotel

Complete BreakFast:

(Scrambled, Omelette, Mexican or Ranchero Eggs, Regional Fruit Beberage or Coffe)

Entrance to The Archaeological Site of Kohunlich

Entrance to The Jaguar Temple Archeological Site

Snack and Beberages at The Jaguar Temple Archaeological Site

Entrance to Biodiversity Museum

Walk Through Maya Rainforest

Bats Volcano Tour
 

 

 

Departing Points:

Bacalar Hotels

Bacalar ADO Bus Station

Chetumal Hotels

Chetumal Airport

 

 

 

Costs and promotions apply only to make your reservation by Internet, if you make your reservation by any other means, the costs may vary.